Sustainable development is the process of development (land, cities, businesses, communities, etc.) which is principally intended to meet the needs of the present without compromising the needs of future generations, (The Brundtland Report of the United Nations, (1987). Sustainable development is the translation from English, sustainable development . One factor that must be overcome to achieve sustainable development is how to repair the destruction of the environment without sacrificing the needs of economic development and social justice. Sustainable development is environmentally conscious and planned effort that integrates the environment, including resources, into the development process for ensure capability, welfare, and quality of life of the present generation and future generations (Sugandhy, Judge 2009).
development is done by not reducing the capacity of future generations, despite shrinking reserves of natural suberdaya and environmental deterioration, but the situation can be replaced by other resources both human and by the resources of capital. Therefore to ensure sustainable economic growth, to look for a balance point between development policy and environmental policy, so that will achieve economic development policies that truly guarantee human welfare in the long term.
1. Environmental Role In Economy
Often does not care development environment, a result of such development could damage the environment. Environment and natural resources is considered as a gift of God, so sediannya quite plentiful and can always be created again. But with increasingly menggebunya economic development, particularly in developing countries like Indonesia, the more natural suberdaya drawn or drained from nature, so the availability of increasingly thin in the form of natural resources which can be updated and that can not be updated.
Furthermore, with the development of all sectors of the economy, especially industries that process natural resources, whether agricultural or industrial processing, it is feared the construction itself will someday be stagnant because there is no more natural resources that can be extracted or existing natural resources is getting worse . As a result of population growth and economic development, then the rate of use and depletion of natural suberdaya always be exponential.
To overcome that, then inevitably there must be control of consumption of goods and services as well as controlling the population growth rate one of the ways to contraceptives. Consumption of goods and services do not increase too quickly detained and the activities of production and consumption should not polluting the environment, so that the main function of the environment becomes disrupted. Green development is generally differentiated from bekelanjutan development, where more priority to the development of Green environmental sustainability over economic and cultural considerations. Supporters argued that the concept of sustainable development provides a context for comprehensive sustainability where cutting-edge thinking from green building difficult to realize. For example, construction of sewage treatment plants with cutting-edge technologies that require high maintenance cost is difficult to be sustainable in regions with limited financial resources.
Implementation of programs such as the biodiversity convention with tree-planting movement in-situ and ex-situ ie by selecting local or seedling to be planted with concrete action, in order to ensure the survival of local biodiversity. In meeting the needs of food, clothing, food, medicine, local communities must be part of regional development programs in connection with the opening of employment opportunities, particularly at the local community.
1. Industry and Externalities in Sustainable Development
Externalities are the presence of positive and negative impacts that arise and accepted by others as a result of the activities of a party or an economic actor. Developments in recent years shows that many large enterprises are forced to include the costs of waste treatment in order to reduce pollution (negative externalities) into the calculation of production costs and at the same price of the product. This latter tendency occurs because the Government has started to actively remove the following regulatory sanctions against industries that generate waste include revocation of business licenses and other legal sankisi.
1. Principles of Sustainable Development
According to Barrow (1999) sustainable development rests on the following points:
* Protecting the ecological integrity
* A cross between development and environmental conservation
* Adoption of internationalist outlook (mutual dependence)
* Preservation utilized
* Memeperhatikan equality between generations, groups, and species
* Applying knowledge of environmental science and technology in the implementation of development around the world
* Be continued economic growth
* Adoption of long-term view of development
1. Obstacles of Sustainable Development
* Kontrofersi between countries
* The difficulty in changing human behavior in interacting and exploit their environment
* The delay in development policy development
* And others